Publication Ethics

High quality scientific publications and public trust in scientific information require ethical standards to be followed by the authors as well as by the editorial team members.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good
scientific practice, which include:

  • The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous
  • To check originality index, HEC plagiarism policy will be strictly followed.
  • The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in
    any form or language (partially or in full).
  • Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or
    inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation).
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own
  • Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.
  • The journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.